BMI(Body Mass Index)

The body mass index (BMI), or Quetelet index, is a measure of relative weight based on an individual's mass and height. Devised between 1830 and 1850 by the Belgian polymath Adolphe Quetelet during the course of developing "social physics". It is defined as the individual's body mass divided by the square of their height – with the value universally being given in units of kg/m2.

BMI Range Table

BMI range – kg/m2 Health Risk
27.5 and above High risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes
23.0 to 27.4 Moderate risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes
18.5 to 22.9 Low Risk (healthy range)
18.4 and below Risk of developing problems such as nutritional deficiency and osteoporosis

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Diabetic Foot

A diabetic foot is a foot that exhibits any pathology that results directly from diabetes mellitus or any long-term (or "chronic") complication of diabetes mellitus.[1] Presence of several characteristic diabetic foot pathologies is called diabetic foot syndrome. These are thus umbrella terms. The most serious foot complications in diabetes are. 1) Ulceration – Research estimates that the lifetime incidence of foot ulcers within the diabetic community is around 15% and may become as high as 25%.2) Infection 3) Neuropathic osteoarthropathy.